The concentration of Reformed theology on the word manifested itself particularly clearly in the design of new churches. They were designed like auditoria. The Reformed service, which was adapted from the late-medieval Predigtgottesdienst, contrasted with the Lutheran service, which was a "German Mass".
Floor plan of the New Church in Emden, unknown artist; source: Die Kunstdenkmäler der Provinz Hannover: 6: Regierungsbezirk Aurich, ed. by the Provinzial-Kommission zur Erforschung und Erhaltung der Denkmäler der Provinz Hannover, Hannover 1927, issue 1/2: Stadt Emden, Fig. 57, p. 67.